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Breaking the "cognitive cocoon room" requires a multi-pronged approach.



Original title: Breaking the "cognitive cocoon room" requires a multi-pronged approach

Musk,Emergencies an American entrepreneur and owner of social media platform X, arrived in Israel a few days ago, accompanied by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and visited the Israeli community that was attacked by Hamas across the border on October 7. Since the X platform was considered to be popular in anti-Semitic remarks before, and Musk himself was accused of supporting the "anti-Semitic conspiracy theory", Israel invited Musk to go in person, one of the biggest purposes was to change the cognition of Musk and his support groups to Israel.

Aside from the conflict between Palestine and Israel, the "cognitive cocoon room" has become a complex and multi-level social phenomenon on social media, which stems from people's demand for self-confirmation and inherent cognitive prejudice. With the popularity of the Internet and social media, it is more and more easy for people to fall into a state of accepting only information consistent with their own views, while ignoring or denying different voices. For example, the tearing of the Palestinian-Israeli issue within the United States and Europe largely reflects the influence of the cognitive cocoon. On the Internet, the combined effect of algorithmic filtering and personal selection makes people more likely to fall into the "cocoon room".

The formation process of cognitive cocoon room is relatively natural. First, people are born with certain cognitive biases and tend to accept information consistent with their own views and avoid different opinions. Second, the algorithm design of social media and search engines usually pushes similar content according to users' historical behaviors and preferences. This recommendation system makes it easier for users to access information consistent with their own views, thus intensifying the effect of cognitive cocoon room. Third, the homogeneity of social circles is also a factor that cannot be ignored. People tend to make friends with people with similar views, and this self-selection of social networks further intensifies the formation of cognitive cocoon.

The phenomenon of cognitive cocoon is profound and complex. The historical evolution, especially the progress of information dissemination technology and the changes of social groups, provides the background for the formation of cognitive cocoon. Future technologies (such as virtual reality and augmented reality) are likely to bring new dimensions and challenges to the cognitive cocoon. From the perspective of biological evolution, human beings, as social creatures, tend to form close social groups to gain the advantages of survival and reproduction. Trust and cooperation within the group is the foundation of human society, and the cognitive cocoon room may be the "by-product" of this group cooperation.

The influence of cognitive cocoon house is far-reaching. It not only limits the individual's openness of thought, but also threatens the pluralistic harmony of society to a certain extent. It is easy to give birth to extreme views and hostility, and the tearing and opposition of society will also intensify. Discussions on social platforms such as X show this momentum. For example, on the Palestinian-Israeli issue, many people's different positions reflect their own cognitive cocoon, which makes it difficult for them to understand and accept each other's views. This situation is not limited to political issues, but also exists in daily social topic communication. In the era of social media, cognitive cocoon often leads individuals or groups to tend to block information that does not conform to their own values and beliefs. selective exposure of information may lead to misunderstandings and stereotypes of other civilizations, which will lead to the solidification of public opinion and group polarization, and aggravate conflicts and oppositions among civilizations.

Breaking the cognitive cocoon is a long-term and multi-party cooperation process. Individuals should cultivate the ability of self-reflection and critical thinking and try to analyze problems from multiple angles. The algorithms of social media and search engines also need to be improved to provide more meta-information, instead of just pursuing to satisfy users' existing preferences. In addition, educational institutions and public media should also play a role in promoting the importance of multiple perspectives. Promote multicultural understanding and respect through education and training, and improve the global awareness and cultural sensitivity of the public. With these methods, people can realize real information opening and social dialogue.

The government and social organizations can also take some measures, such as holding open forums and debates to promote the exchange and discussion of different views. Through cross-cultural exchanges and cooperation projects, we will promote the contact and understanding between different civilizations, reduce misunderstandings and conflicts, and promote the integration and sharing of civilizations. At the same time, social media and internet platforms can be urged to take measures through legislation and supervision to reduce the influence of algorithmic filtering and improve the diversity of information. Only by breaking the cognitive cocoon can we provide a pluralistic and open perspective, so that representatives of different civilizations can better understand and appreciate each other's values and contributions. By breaking the cognitive cocoon, we can promote the communication and cooperation between civilizations and provide a broader vision and more possibilities for solving global problems.

Therefore, individuals, communities and society as a whole need to work hard to break the limitation of cognitive cocoon and promote social progress and understanding. Only by facing and accepting diverse viewpoints can we have a more open and inclusive society.

(Shenyang,The writer is a professor at Tsinghua University School of Journalism, and AIGC also contributed to this article).